Desert Eagle Mark XIX, with new-style Picatinny rail, in .44 Magnum
|Place of origin||United States/Israel|
|Used by||See Users|
|Designer||Magnum Research and Israel Military Industries|
and Israel Weapon Industries
|Variants||Mark I (Introduced in 1983)|
Mark VII (Introduced in 1990)
Mark XIX (Introduced in 1995)
|Barrel length||6 in (152.4 mm), 10 in (254.0 mm)|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Muzzle velocity||1542 ft/s(.50AE)|
|Maximum firing range||201 meters (220 yd)|
|Feed system||Detachable stick magazine; capacities:|
|Sights||Iron sights and optional optics|
The Desert Eagle is a semi-automatic pistol known for chambering the .50 Action Express, the largest centerfire cartridge of any magazine-fed, self-loading pistol. Magnum Research Inc. (MRI) designed and developed the Desert Eagle. The design was refined and the pistols were manufactured by Israel Military Industries (IMI) until 1995, when MRI shifted the manufacturing contract to Saco Defense in Saco, Maine. In 1998, MRI moved manufacturing back to IMI, which later commercialized its small arms branch under the name Israel Weapon Industries. Since 2009, the Desert Eagle Pistol has been produced in the United States at MRI's Pillager, Minnesota, facility.Kahr Arms acquired Magnum Research in 2010.
First things first: Why would you have purchased a weapon when you had no idea what model it was? Your handgun appears to be a Mark II Desert Eagle. It doesn’t have the rail mountings that Mark IVs and later models have and it appears to have a gr.
Magnum Research has marketed various versions of the short recoilJericho 941 pistol under the Baby Eagle and Desert Eagle Pistol names; these weapons are not directly related to the Desert Eagle but do share a similar visual design.
The design for the Desert Eagle was initiated by Bernard C. White of Magnum Research and Arnolds Streinbergs of Riga Arms Institute, who filed a US patent application for a mechanism for a gas-actuated pistol in January 1983. This established the basic layout of the Desert Eagle. A second patent application was filed in December 1985, after the basic design had been refined by IMI Systems (Israel Military Industries) for production, and this is the form that went into production.
The pistol is fired by a single action hammer, and has a manual safety switch on the slide. The ambidextrous safety switch rotates a drum mechanism which sits over the firing pin, causing the firing pin to lock in, which prevents it from moving forward and reduces the possibility of the gun discharging accidentally. With the safety off, pulling the trigger releases the hammer to fall downward, hitting the firing pin and causing the chambered round to discharge.
The Desert Eagle uses a gas-operated ejection/chambering mechanism normally found in rifles, as opposed to the short recoil or blow-back designs most commonly seen in semi-automatic pistols. When a round is fired, gases are ported out through a small hole in the barrel in front of the chamber. These travel forward, through a small tube under the barrel, to a cylinder underneath the front of the barrel. The slide, which acts as the bolt carrier, has a small piston on the front that fits into this cylinder. When the gases reach the cylinder, the piston pushes the slide rearward, with a large pin inside the camming surface in the rear of the bolt causing the bolt to rotate and unlock. A mechanism on the left side of the bolt prevents the bolt from rotating freely as the slide moves, forcing it to remain aligned correctly with the barrel while the breech is open. The spring-loaded ejector is continually being depressed by the case, until the case is free of the chamber and the tension from the ejector is released, causing the case to eject, breaking free of the extractor in the process. The slide reaches its rearmost position, then moves forward again under tension of the recoil springs. The bottom lug of the bolt pushes a new round into the chamber, then the bolt locks up and the gun can be fired again.
The rotating bolt has three radial locking lugs (forth lug is only for pushing next round in the chamber), with the extractor on the right hand side fitting where the fifth lug would be, and strongly resembles the 7-lug bolt of the M16 series of rifles, while the fixed gas cylinder/moving piston resemble those of the Ruger Mini-14 carbine (the original patent used a captive piston similar to the M14 rifle).
The advantage of the gas operation is that it allows the use of far more powerful cartridges than traditional semi-automatic pistol designs. Thus it allows the Desert Eagle to compete in an area that had previously been dominated by magnum revolvers. Downsides of the gas-operated mechanism are the large size of the Desert Eagle, and the fact that it discourages the use of unjacketed lead bullets, as lead particles sheared off during firing could clog the gas release tap, preventing proper function.
Switching a Desert Eagle to another chambering requires only that the correct barrel, bolt assembly, and magazine be installed. Thus, a conversion to fire the other cartridges can be quickly accomplished. The rim diameter of the .50 AE (Action Express) is the same as the .44 Remington Magnum cartridge, consequently only a barrel and magazine change is required to convert a .44 Desert Eagle to the larger, more powerful .50 AE round. The most popular barrel length is 6 in (152 mm), although a 10 in (254 mm) barrel is available. The Mark XIX barrels are machined with integral scope mounting bases, simplifying the process of adding a pistol scope.
The Desert Eagle is fed with a detachable magazine. Magazine capacity is 9 rounds in .357 Magnum, 8 rounds in .44 Magnum, and 7 rounds in .50 Action Express. The Desert Eagle's barrel features polygonal rifling. The pistol is primarily used for hunting, target shooting, and silhouette shooting.
The Mark I, which is no longer produced, was offered with a steel, stainless steel or aluminum alloy frame and differs primarily in the size and shape of the safety levers and slide catch. The Mark VII includes an adjustable trigger (retrofittable to Mark I pistols). The Mark I and VII are both available in .357 Magnum and .44 Magnum; the Mark VII has been chambered for .41 Magnum. The barrels had a 3⁄8' dovetail, to which an accessory mount could be attached. Later Mark VII models were offered in .50 Action Express with a 7⁄8' Weaver-pattern rail on the barrel; the .50 Mark VII would later become the Mark XIX. Barrel lengths were 6, 10, and 14 inches for .357 Magnum and .44 Magnum, but only 6 or 10 inches for .41 Magnum.
The most recent model, the Mark XIX, is available in .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum, 429 DE (introduced 2018) and .50 Action Express (or .50 AE). This model comes in a variety of different finishes, such as brushed chrome or titanium gold. Magnum Research offered this model in .440 Cor-Boncaliber, a .50 AE derived case. There were fewer than 500 original .440 Cor-Bon Desert Eagles imported into U.S. in December 2000. These are marked by the number 440 on the left lower side of the barrel, in numerals twice the size of other calibers, and without the preceding period. A number of .44 Magnum barrels were re-chambered to produce .440 Corbon barrels, but these can be identified by the off-centered '.440' (with period) produced by adding the final 0 to the original barrel mark.
Mark XIX barrels are available in 6-inch (150 mm) and 10-inch (250 mm) lengths only. .357 Magnum barrels have exterior barrel flutes on the left, right and top sides of the barrel. .44 Magnum barrels have flutes on the left and right side only, not on the top. The .50 AE barrels have no flutes.
The DE44CA (Desert Eagle .44 Magnum California) is the only XIX that is approved for dealer sales to the public in the State of California. It differs from standard XIXs in that it has a firing-pin block incorporated in its design.
Current-model Mark XIX Desert Eagles now have a new-style Picatinny rail along the top of the barrel, as opposed to the dove-tail style rail on previous models. Magnum Research now also offers a proprietary internal muzzle brake with different colors for the .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum, and .50 AE versions to help reduce recoil, that includes external muzzle brakes. Moreover can have another picatinny rail on the bottom of the frame.
The Desert Eagle has been featured in more than 500 films, television shows and video games, making it well known in popular culture.
The commercial success of the pistol is due in part to its use in motion pictures, according to Magnum Research chairman and CEO John Risdall. According to a 1994 newspaper article, the company actively solicited prop houses to use the gun. By 1999 it had been used in over 40 films, including Eraser, Red Heat, RoboCop, Last Action Hero, Cliffhanger, Demolition Man, Assassins, The Last Boy Scout, Double Impact, Snatch, The Matrix and Austin Powers.
It is also featured in a number of various video games and series, including, but not limited to Duke Nukem, Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege, Grand Theft Auto, Max Payne, Resident Evil, Far Cry, Call of Duty, Tomb Raider, Killing Floor, Fallout, Fallout 2, Metal Gear Solid 4, PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds, Garena Free Fire, Counter-Strike and Hitman.
The Desert Eagle was referenced in the song My Life, by The Game which was released July 22nd, 2008 in the US.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Desert Eagle.|
|Place of origin||Israel|
|Used by||See Users|
|Sights||Fixed (combat), or optional fully adjustable, or optional illuminated night sights.|
The Jericho 941 is a double-action/single-action semi-automatic pistol developed by Israel Military Industries (now: Israel Weapon Industries) that was launched in 1990.
It was first imported into the US in 1990 by K.B.I., Inc. of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. It was later imported by O.F. Mossberg & Sons and named the Uzi Eagle and by Magnum Research, Inc. as the Baby Eagle until the end of 2008. Some pistols from Magnum Research are marked Desert Eagle Pistol. Despite these names being used in the US market, the Jericho 941 is not related to the IMI Desert Eagle other than its manufacture and design by IMI, and bears only a slight cosmetic resemblance to the larger pistol. From January 2009 until they ceased business in January 2010, K.B.I., Inc. (which also imported Charles Daly firearms) imported the handgun as the Jericho. Magnum Research, now a division of Kahr Arms, announced a renewed importation of the Jericho.
In December 2014, IWI US, Inc. announced they would begin importing both the steel and polymer versions of the Jericho 941 in early 2015.
The original Jericho 941 was modeled on the well-respected CZ-75 pistol designed and produced by Česká zbrojovka (CZ) of the Czech Republic and built using parts supplied by the Italian arms house Tanfoglio, which had been making their own CZ-75 clones. Using a well-tested design allowed IMI to avoid the teething problems most new pistol designs experience, and subcontracting much of the basic fabrication work to Tanfoglio allowed IMI to quickly and economically put into production a pistol that would have enough Israeli content to satisfy government contract requirements.
While the R-versions of Jericho 941 feature a combined safety/decocker (the decocking lever also acts as a safety and remains on 'safe' when actuated), the decocker version of the CZ-75 (CZ-75BD) features a simple decocker (the pistol is always ready to fire in double-action mode when decocked). The barrel of the CZ-75 is traditionally rifled, while the Jericho 941 features a polygonal barrel, furthermore the Jericho 941 is substantially heavier. These differences translate into substantial differences in the condition in which the gun is carried. Magazines for the CZ-75 and Tanfoglio T95 will function in the Jericho 941.
One innovation by IMI was a new, much 'hotter' cartridge, the .41 Action Express (see below) to go along with the Jericho 941. A key feature shared between 9mm and .41 AE is the same as .44 Magnum and .50 AE in that the AE cartridges have rebated rims which are the same diameter as the less powerful rounds, but the case is wider, providing more capacity and potential for more power. This allows these pairs of calibers to be used in the same firearm with only a change of barrel, recoil spring and magazine.
The .41 AE was less commercially successful than the 10 mm, and was soon discontinued. Experience with heavily loaded rounds gave IMI a considerable lead, however, in chambering for the soon-to-be successful .40 S&W and also allowed the Jericho to be designed for the very popular .45 ACP. The Jericho 941 design has been modified to include accessory rails on the frame for mounting lasers or flashlights, a feature found on many modern semi-automatic handguns.
|Caliber||9×19||.40 S&W||9×19||.40 S&W||.45 ACP||9×19||.40 S&W|
|Mfg. Part No.|
|Israel Weapon Industries*||941 F/R (16 rd)||941 F/R (12 rd)||941 FS/RS (16 rd)||941 FS/RS (12 rd)||941 FS/RS (10 rd)||941 FB/RB (13 rd)||941 FB/RB (10 rd)|
|Magnum Research*||MR9900 (10 rd)***|
MR9915R (15 rd)
|MR9400 (10 rd)***||MR9900RS (10 rd)|
MR9915RS (15 rd)
|MR9400RS (10 rd)||MR4500RS (10 rd)***||MR9900RB (10 rd)***||MR9400RB (10 rd)|
|Trigger mechanism||Single or double action|
|Firing pin block||Yes|
|Frame mounted manual safety||F, FS, FB models|
|Slide mounted safety/decocker||R, RS, RB models|
|Pistol w/o magazine||1,050 g (2.3 lb)||885 g (2.0 lb)||1,025 g (2.3 lb)||1,025 g (2.3 lb)||850 g (1.9 lb)|
|Magazine empty||90 g (0.2 lb)||90 g (0.2 lb)||100 g (0.2 lb)||100 g (0.2 lb)||80 g (0.2 lb)|
|Loaded magazine||280 g (0.6 lb)||285 g (0.6 lb)||280 g (0.6 lb)||285 g (0.6 lb)||310 g (0.7 lb)||235 g (0.5 lb)||244 g (0.5 lb)|
|Overall length||207 mm (8.1 in)||192 mm (7.6 in)||182 mm (7.2 in)|
|Height||138 mm (5.4 in)||138 mm (5.4 in)||123 mm (4.8 in)|
|Width||35 mm (1.4 in)||35 mm (1.4 in)||35 mm (1.4 in)|
|Barrel length||112 mm (4.4 in)||97 mm (3.8 in)||89 mm (3.5 in)|
|Sight line radius||154 mm (6.1 in)||139 mm (5.5 in)||132 mm (5.2 in)|
|*Optional finishes available.|
**Overall weights may vary due to manufacturing differences and accuracy of scale.
***Previously listed on CA Roster of Handguns Certified for Sale.
|Mfg. Part No.|
|Israel Weapon Industries*||941 FL/RL/PL (16/15 rd)||941 FL/RL/PL (12 rd)||941 SL/RSL (16/15 rd)||941 SL/RSL (12 rd)||941 FBL/RBL (13 rd)||941 FBL/RBL (10 rd)|
|Magnum Research||N/A||MR9900RSL (10 rd)|
MR9915RSL (15 rd)
|MR9400RSL (10 rd)||MR9900BL (10 rd)||MR9400BL (10 rd)|
|Pistol w/o magazine||800 g (1.8 lb)||720 g (1.6 lb)||680 g (1.5 lb)|
|Magazine empty||90 g (0.2 lb)||90 g (0.2 lb)||80 g (0.2 lb)|
|Loaded magazine||282 g (0.6 lb)||275 g (0.6 lb)||282 g (0.6 lb)||275 g (0.6 lb)||250 g (0.6 lb)||230 g (0.5 lb)|
|Overall length||207 mm (8.1 in)||192 mm (7.6 in)||185 mm (7.3 in)|
|Height||138 mm (5.4 in)||138 mm (5.4 in)||122 mm (4.8 in)|
|Width||38 mm (1.5 in)||38 mm (1.5 in)||38 mm (1.5 in)|
|Barrel length||112 mm (4.4 in)||96 mm (3.8 in)||89 mm (3.5 in)|
|Sight line radius||156 mm (6.1 in)||141 mm (5.6 in)||134 mm (5.3 in)|
|*Optional finishes available.|
**Overall weights may vary due to manufacturing differences and accuracy of scale.
The introduction of the Jericho 941 also introduced a new caliber to the market, the .41 Action Express (or .41 AE), which was developed in 1986. The .41 AE was a unique rebated rim cartridge designed to use .410-inch (10.25 mm) bullets and duplicate a reduced power police loading of the .41 Magnum. The Jericho originally shipped with two barrels, one for 9×19mm Parabellum and the other for .41 AE. Since the .41 AE was designed with a rebated rim the same dimensions as that of the 9 mm, the extractor and ejector worked equally well for either cartridge.
Ballistically, the .40 S&W was similar to moderate .41 AE loads (the reloading manuals that list the .41 AE generally say to use .40 S&W data), although commercial loadings of .41 AE were somewhat more powerful than the .40 S&W. With the stronger backing of major American firearms and ammunition manufacturers, the .40 S&W quickly pushed the .41 AE out of the market. The Jericho 941 was only on the market for one year before the dual 9 mm/.41 AE chambering was dropped, and the pistol was sold as either 9 mm or .40 S&W. Some shooters like the Baby Eagle in .40 S&W for its extra reserve of strength, since the Baby Eagle was originally designed for a more potent cartridge (the .41 AE), which is the reverse of some makers who dropped .40 S&W barrels into pistols previously spec'd for the milder 9 mm cartridge and had subsequent barrel and cartridge case failures.
A later compact version, the Jericho 941, was chambered in .45 ACP or 9 mm. It is not clear to what extent the Jericho original .41 AE/9 mm Jericho frame and slide were 'built-up' to handle the .45 ACP's much larger diameter; although the .45 ACP is a milder load running at much lower pressures than the .41 AE, the barrel opening for the .45 ACP is, of necessity, much larger. Desert Eagle does not permit the use of +P or +P+ loads per its website FAQ, although reviewers have shot and reported the ballistics on +P .45 ACP defensive loadings.
Initially Jericho pistols used barrels with polygonal rifling, which sometimes produces slightly higher velocity due to better bullet to barrel fit. IWI switched to conventional land and groove rifling from 2005 to 2007.
The Jericho 941 is issued in current service throughout the Israeli Security Forces, but Israel Weapon Industries lost a 1.2 Billion Pesos bid for the Philippine National Police's 60,000 handgun procurement on July 11, 2012.
Israeli Government IMI Jericho 941F's, occasionally available on the US Civilian Surplus Market, are SAO (Single Action Only) versions of the IMI/IWI Jericho 941 models sold new in the US. These pistols can appear with either factory SAO triggers, or trigger/frame modifications performed by Israeli Armorers. The Armorer-modified version can be externally identified by an extra roll-pin added in the frame slightly forward of the trigger-pivot (also a roll-pin). This extra roll-pin prevents the trigger from moving forward to the now non-existent DA position within the trigger-guard. The SAO triggers of the Govt. 941's apply to what is commonly known as the 'Israeli Method' of carry, otherwise known as 'Condition 3' within the lexicon developed by Jeff Cooper.
Spike Spiegel from Cowboy Bebop often uses a Jericho 941.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jericho 941.|